CESM > WHOLE ATMOSPHERE MODEL WORKING GROUP > Publications

Please send updates for this list to Mike Mills, the WACCM liaison.

Papers in press

Liu, H.-L., WACCM-X Simulation of Tidal and Planetary Wave Variability in the Upper Atmosphere, in Modeling the Ionosphere-Thermosphere System, J. Huba, R. Schunk, and G. Khazanov (ed.), published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, ISBN-10: 0875904912, ISBN-13: 978-0875904917, in press.

Marsh, D. R., D. Janches, W. Feng, and J. M. C. Plane, A global model of meteoric sodium, J. Geophys. Res., in press.

Published in 2013

Abalos, M., W. J. Randel, D. E. Kinnison, and E. Serrano, Quantifying tracer transport in the tropical lower stratosphere using WACCM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10591-10607, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10591-2013, 2013.

G Baumgaertner, A. J., J. P. Thayer, R. R. Neely III, and G. Lucas, Toward a comprehensive global electric circuit model: Atmospheric conductivity and its variability in CESM1(WACCM) model simulations, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118(16), 9221-9232, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50725, 2013.

Brakebusch, M., C. E. Randall, D. E. Kinnison, S. Tilmes, M. L. Santee, and G. L. Manney, Evaluation of Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model simulations of ozone during Arctic winter 2004-2005, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 2673-2688, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50226, 2013.

Chandran, A., R. L. Collins, R. R. Garcia, D. R. Marsh, V. L. Harvey, J. Yue, and L. de la Torre, A climatology of elevated stratopause events in the whole atmosphere community climate model, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 1234-1246, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50123, 2013.

Chandran, A., R. R. Garcia, R. L. Collins, and L. C. Chang, Secondary planetary waves in the middle and upper atmosphere following the stratospheric sudden warming event of January 2012, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(9), doi:10.1002/grl.50373, 2013.

Davis, R. N., J. Du, A.K. Smith, W.E. Ward, and N.J. Mitchell, The diurnal and semidiurnal tides over Ascension Island (8°S, 14°W) and their interaction with the stratospheric QBO: studies with meteor radar, eCMAM and WACCM, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Disc., 13, 4785-4837, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-4785-2013, 2013.

English, J.M., O.B. Toon, and M.J. Mills, Microphysical simulations of large volcanic eruptions: Pinatubo and Toba, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 1-16, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50196, 2013.

Eyring, V., J. M. Arblaster, I. Cionni, J. Sedlacek, J. Perlwitz, P. J. Young, S., Bekki, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, W. J. Collins, G. Faluvegi, K.-D. Gottschaldt, L. W. Horowitz, D.E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, D.R. Marsh, D. Saint-Martin, D.T. Shindell, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, and S. Watanabe, Long-term changes in tropospheric and stratospheric ozone and associated climate impacts in CMIP5 simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 5029-5060, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50316, 2013.

Feng, W., D. R. Marsh, M. P. Chipperfield, D. Janches, D. Höffner, F. Yi., J. M. C. Plane, A global atmospheric model of meteoric iron, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 94569474, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50708, 2013.

France, J. A., and V. L. Harvey, A climatology of the stratopause in WACCM and the zonally asymmetric elevated stratopause, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 2241-2254, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50218, 2013

Harding, K. J., P. K. Snyder, and S. Liess, Use of dynamical downscaling to improve the simulation of Central U.S. warm season precipitation in CMIP5 models, J Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 1-15, doi:10.1002/2013JD019994, 2013.

Hurrell, J. W., M. M. Holland, S. Ghan, J. -F. Lamarque, D. Lawrence, W. H. Lipscomb, N. Mahowald, D. Marsh, P. Rasch, D. Bader, W. D. Collins, P. R. Gent, J. J. Hack, J. Kiehl, P. Kushner, W. G. Large, S. Marshall, S. Vavrus, and M. Vertenstein, The Community Earth System Model: A Framework for Collaborative Research, Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 94, 1339-1360, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00121.1, 2013.

Imai, K., N. Manago, C. Mitsuda, Y. Naito, E. Nishimoto, T. Sakazaki, M. Fujiwara, L. Froidevaux, T. von Clarmann, G. P. Stiller, D. P. Murtagh, P. Rong, M. G. Mlynczak, K. A. Walker, D. E. Kinnison, H. Akiyoshi, T. Nakamura, T. Miyasaka, T. Nishibori, S. Mizobuchi, K. Kikuchi, H. Ozeki, C. Takahashi, H. Hayashi, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, M. Takayanagi, and M. Shiotani, Validation of ozone data from the Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES), J. Geophys. Res., 118, 5750-5769, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50434, 2013.

Khosrawi, F., R. Mueller, J. Urban, M. H. Proffitt, G. Stiller, M. Kiefer, S. Lossow, D. Kinnison, F. Olschewski, M. Riese, and D. Murtagh, Assessment of the interannual variability and impact of the QBO and upwelling on tracer-tracer distributions of N2O and O3 in the tropical lower stratosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 3619-3641, doi:10.5194/acp-13-3619-2013, 2013.

Li, T., N. Calvo, J. Yue, X. Dou, J. M. Russell III, M. G. Mlynczak, C.-Y. She, and X. Xue, Influence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation in the mesosphere, Geophys Res Lett, 40, 1-5, doi:10.1002/grl.50598, 2013.

Liu, H.L., V.A. Yudin, and R.G. Roble, Day-to-day ionospheric variability due to lower atmosphere perturbations, Geophys Res Lett, 40, 665-670, doi:10.1002/grl.50125, 2013.

Marsh, D. R., M.J. Mills, D.E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, N. Calvo, and L. M. Polvani, Climate change from 1850 to 2005 simulated in CESM1(WACCM), 73727391, Journal of Climate, 26(19), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00558.1, 2013.

Matthes, K., K. Kodera, R. R. Garcia, Y. Kuroda, D. R. Marsh, and K. Labitzke, The importance of time-varying forcing for QBO modulation of the atmospheric 11 year solar cycle signal, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 4435-4447, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50424, 2013.

Meehl, G.A., J.M. Arblaster, and D. R. Marsh, Could a future “Grand Solar Minimum” like the Maunder Minimum stop global warming?, Geophys Res Lett, 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50361, 2013.

Neely, R.R., III, O.B. Toon, S. Solomon, J.-P. Vernier, C. Alvarez, J.M. English, K.H. Rosenlof, M.J. Mills, C.G. Bardeen, J.S. Daniel, and J.P. Thayer, Recent anthropogenic increases in SO2 from Asia have minimal impact on stratospheric aerosol, J. Geophys. Res., 40, 999-1004, doi:10.1002/grl.50263, 2013.

Park, M., W. Randel, D. Kinnison, L. Emmons, P. Bernath, K. A. Walker, C. D. Boone, N. Livesey, Millan, L., N. Livesey, W. Read, L. Froidevaux, Hydrocarbons in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere observed from ACE-FTS and comparisons with WACCM, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 1-17, doi:10.1029/2012JD018327, 2013.

Pedatella, N. M., and H.-L. Liu, Influence of the El Niño Southern Oscillation on the Middle and Upper Atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 118(5), doi:10.1002/jgra.50286, 2013.

Qian, L., D. Marsh, A. Merkel, S. C. Solomon, and R. G. Roble, Effect of trends of middle atmosphere gases on the mesosphere and thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 38463855, doi:10.1002/jgra.50354, 2013.

Sassi, F., H.-L. Liu, J. Ma, and R. R. Garcia, The lower thermosphere during the northern hemisphere winter of 2009: A modeling study using high-altitude data assimilation products in WACCM-X, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 8954-8968, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50632, 2013.

Tang, Q., P. G. Hess, B. Brown-Steiner, and D. E. Kinnison, Tropospheric ozone decrease due to the Mount Pinatubo eruption: Reduced stratospheric influx, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 5553-5558, doi:10.1002/2013GL056563, 2013.

Tweedy, O. V., V. Limpasuvan, Y. J. Orsolini, A. K. Smith, R. R. Garcia, D. Kinnison, C. E. Randall, O.-K. Kvissel, F. Stordal, V. L. Harvey, and A. Chandran, Nighttime secondary ozone layer during major stratospheric sudden warmings in specified-dynamics WACCM, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 8346-8358, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50651, 2013.

Wang, S., K.-F. Li, T.J. Pongetti, S.P. Sander, Y.L. Yung, M.-C. Liang, N.J. Livesey, M.L. Santee, J.W. Harder, M. Snow, and F.P. Mills, Midlatitude atmospheric OH response to the most recent 11-y solar cycle, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 110, 2023-2028, doi:10.1073/pnas.1117790110, 2013.

Wegner, T., D. E. Kinnison, R. R. Garcia, S. Solomon, Simulation of polar stratospheric clouds in the specified dynamics version of the whole atmosphere community climate model, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/jgrd.50415, 2013.

Published in 2012

Abalos, M., W. J. Randel, D. E. Kinnison, E. Serrano, Quantifying tracer transport in the tropical lower stratosphere using WACCM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., f12, 11505-11517, doi:10.5194/acp-12-11505-2012, 2012.

Calvo, N., R. R. Garcia, D. R. Marsh, M. J. Mills, D. E. Kinnison, and P. J. Young, Reconciling modeled and observed temperature trends over Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L16803, doi:10.1029/2012GL052526, 2012.

Chiodo, G., N. Calvo, D. R. Marsh, and R. Garcia-Herrera, The 11-year solar cycle signal in transient simulations from the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D06109, doi:10.1029/2011JD016393, 2012.

Choi, S, Y. Wang, R.J. Salawitch, T. Canty, J. Joiner, T. Zeng, T. P. Kurosu, K. Chance, A. Richter, L.G. Huey, J. Liao, J.A. Neuman, J.B. Nowak, J.E. Dibb, A.J. Weinheimer, G. Diskin, T.B. Ryerson, A. da Silva, J. Curry, D. Kinnison, S. Tilmes, and P.F. Levelt, Analysis of satellite-derived Arctic tropospheric BrO columns in conjunction with aircraft measurements during ARCTAS and ARCPAC, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1255-1285, doi:10.5194/acp-12-1255-2012, 2012.

Damiani, A., B. Funke, D. R. Marsh, M. Lopez-Puertas, M. L. Santee, L. Froidevaux, S. Wang, C. H. Jackman, T. von Clarmann, A. Gardini, R. R. Cordero, and M. Storini, Impact of January 2005 solar proton events on chlorine species, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 4159-4179, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4159-2012, 2012.

English, J.M., O.B. Toon, and M.J. Mills, Microphysical simulations of sulfur burdens from stratospheric sulfur geoengineering, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 4775-4793, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4775-2012, 2012.

Garfinkel, C.I., T.A. Shaw, D.L. Hartmann, and D.W. Waugh, Does the Holton-Tan Mechanism Explain How the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Modulates the Arctic Polar Vortex?, J. Atmos. Sci., 69, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-0209.1, 2012.

Garcia, R. R., D. Kinnison, D. Marsh, World Avoided Simulation with the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D23, doi:10.1029/2012JD018430, 2012.

Hoffmann, C. G., D. E. Kinnison, R. R. Garcia, M. Palm, J. Notholt, U. Raffalski, and G. Hochschild, CO at 40-80km above Kiruna observed by the ground-based microwave radiometer KIMRA and simulated by the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3261-3271, doi:10.5194/acp-12-3261-2012, 2012.

Kvissel, O.-K., Y. J. Orsolini, F. Stordal, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. L. Santee, Formation of stratospheric nitric acid by a hydrated ion cluster reaction: Implications for the effect of energetic particle precipitation on the middle atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2011JD017257, 2012

Kvissel, O.-K., Y.J. Orsolini, F. Stordal, V. Limpasuvan, J. Richter, and D.R. Marsh, Mesospheric intrusion and anomalous chemistry during and after a major stratospheric sudden warming. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2011.08.015, 2012.

Lamarque, J.-F., L.K. Emmons, P.G. Hess, D.E. Kinnison, S. Tilmes, F. Vit1, C.L. Heald, E.A. Holland, P.H. Lauritzen, J. Neu, J.J. Orlando, P.J. Rasch, and G.K. Tyndall, CAM-chem: description and evaluation of interactive atmospheric chemistry in the Community Earth System Model, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 369-411, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-369-2012, 2012.

Limpasuvan, V., J.H. Richter, Y.J. Orsolini, F. Stordal, O.-K. Kvissel, The roles of planetary and gravity waves during a major stratospheric sudden warming as characterized in WACCM, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 78-79,84-98, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2011.03.004, 2012.

Li, K.-F., X. Jiang, M.-C. Liang, and Y.L. Yung, Simulation of solar-cycle response in tropical total column ozone using SORCE irradiance, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 1255-1285, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-1867-2012, 2012.

Lu, X., H.-L. Liu, A. Z. Liu, J. Yue, J. M. McInerney, and Z. H. Li, Momentum budget of the migrating diurnal tide in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D07112, doi:10.1029/2011JD017089, 2012.

Millan, L., N. Livesey, W. Read, L. Froidevaux, D. Kinnison, R. Harwood, I. A. MacKenzie, and M. P. Chipperfield, New Aura Microwave Limb Sounder observations of BrO and implications for Bry, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 1741-1751, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1741-2012, 2012.

Pan, L. L., A. Kunz, C. R. Homeyer, L. A. Munchak, D. E. Kinnison, and S. Tilmes, Commentary on Using Equivalent Latitude in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 9187-9199, doi:10.5194/acp-12-9187-2012, 2012.

Pedatella, N. M., and H.-L. Liu, Tidal variability in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere due to the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L19802, doi:10.1029/2012GL053383, 2012.

Pedatella, N. M.; H.-L. Liu, A. D. Richmond, Atmospheric semidiurnal lunar tide climatology simulated by the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2012JA017792, 2012.

Pedatella, N. M., H.-L. Liu, A. D. Richmond, A. Maute, and T.-W. Fang, Simulations of solar and lunar tidal variability in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere during sudden stratosphere warmings and their influence on the low-latitude ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08326, doi:10.1029/2012JA017858, 2012.

Smith, A.K, Global dynamics of the MLT, Surv. Geophys., doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9196-9, 2012.

Smith, K.L., L.M. Polvani, and D.R. Marsh, Mitigation of 21st century Antarctic sea ice loss by stratospheric ozone recovery, Geophys Res Lett, 39, L20701, doi:10.1029/2012GL053325, 2012.

Straub, C., B. Tschanz, K. Hocke, N. Kämpfer, and A. K. Smith, Transport of mesospheric H2O during and after the stratospheric sudden warming of January 2010: Observation and simulation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 5413-5427, doi:10.5194/acp-12-5413-2012, 2012.

Tan, B., X. Chu, H.-L. Liu, C. Yamashita, and J. M. Russell III, Zonal-mean global teleconnection from 15 to 110 km derived from SABER and WACCM, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D10106, doi:10.1029/2011JD016750, 2012.

Tilmes, S, D. Kinnison, R. Garcia, R. Salawitch, T. Canty, J. Lee-Taylor, S. Madronich, K. Chance, Impact of very short-lived halogens on stratospheric ozone abundance and UV radiation in a geo-engineered atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 10945-10955, doi:10.5194/acp-12-10945-2012, 2012.

Xie, F., Li, J., Tian, W., Feng, J., and Huo, Y., Signals of El Niño Modoki in the tropical tropopause layer and stratosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 5259-5273, doi:10.5194/acp-12-5259-2012, 2012.

Xue, X., H.-L. Liu, and X. Dou, Parameterization of inertial gravity waves and generation of quasi-biennial oscillation, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D06103, doi:10.1029/2011JD016778, 2012.

Yuan, T., B. Thurairajah, C.-Y. She, A. Chandran, R. L. Collins, and D. A. Krueger, Wind and temperature response of midlatitude mesopause region to the 2009 Sudden Stratospheric Warming, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D09114, doi:10.1029/2011JD017142, 2012.

Published in 2011

Calvo, N., and D. R. Marsh, The combined effects of ENSO and the 11 year solar cycle on the Northern Hemisphere polar stratosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D23112, doi:10.1029/2010JD015226, 2011.

Covey, C., A. Dai, D.R. Marsh, and R.S. Lindzen, The surface-pressure signature of atmospheric tides in modern climate models, J. Atmos. Sci., doi:10.1175/2010JAS3560.1, 2011.

English, J. M., O. B. Toon, M. J. Mills, and F. Yu, Microphysical simulations of new particle formation in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9303-9322, doi:10.5194/acp-11-9303-2011, 2011.

Funke, B., Baumgaertner, A., Calisto, M., Egorova, T., Jackman, C. H., Kieser, J., Krivolutsky, A., López-Puertas, M., Marsh, D. R., Reddmann, T., Rozanov, E., Salmi, S.-M., Sinnhuber, M., Stiller, G. P., Verronen, P. T., Versick, S., von Clarmann, T., Vyushkova, T. Y., Wieters, N., and Wissing, J. M., Composition changes after the “Halloween” solar proton event: the High-Energy Particle Precipitation in the Atmosphere (HEPPA) model versus MIPAS data intercomparison study, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 9407-9514, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-9407-2011, 2011.

Garcia, R.R., W.J. Randel, and D.E. Kinnison, On the determination of age of air trends from atmospheric trace species, J. Atmos. Sci., 68, 139-154, doi:10.1175/2010JAS3527.1, 2011.

Garfinkel, C.I. and D.L. Hartmann, The Influence of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation on the Troposphere in Wintertime in a Hierarchy of Models, Part 2-Perpetual Winter WACCM runs, J. Atmos. Sci., 68, doi: 10.1175/2011JAS3702.1, 2011.

Gardner, C. S., X. Chu, P. J. Espy, J. M. C. Plane, D. R. Marsh, and D. Janches, Seasonal variations of the mesospheric Fe layer at Rothera, Antarctica (67.5°S, 68.0°W), J. Geophys. Res., 116, D02304, doi:10.1029/2010JD014655, 2011.

Gillett, N. P., Akiyoshi, H., Bekki, S., Braesicke, P., Eyring, V., Garcia, R., Karpechko, A. Yu., McLinden, C. A., Morgenstern, O., Plummer, D. A., Pyle, J. A., Rozanov, E., Scinocca, J., and Shibata, K., Attribution of observed changes in stratospheric ozone and temperature, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 599-609, doi:10.5194/acp-11-599-2011, 2011.

Jackman, C. H., D. R. Marsh, F. M. Vitt, R. G. Roble, C. E. Randall, P. F. Bernath, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, S. Versick, G. P. Stiller, A. J. Tylka, and E. L. Fleming, Northern Hemisphere atmospheric influence of the solar proton events and ground level enhancement in January 2005, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 6153-6166, doi:10.5194/acp-11-6153-2011, 2011.

Kunz, A., L. L. Pan, P. Konopka, D. E. Kinnison, S. Tilmes, Chemical and dynamical discontinuity at the extratropical tropopause based on START08 and WACCM analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D24302, doi:10.1029/2011JD016686, 2011.

Marsh, D.R., Chemical-dynamical coupling in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere, in Aeronomy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Ionosphere, IAGA Special Sopron Book Ser., vol. 2, edited by M. Abdu, D. Pancheva, A. Bhattacharyya, 1st ed., 370 pp., ISBN: 978-94-007-0325-4, Springer, Dordrecht, 2011.

Merkel, A. W., J. W. Harder, D. R. Marsh, A. K. Smith, J. M. Fontenla, and T. Woods, The impact of solar spectral irradiance variability on middle atmospheric ozone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L13802, doi:10.1029/2011GL047561, 2011.

Neely, R. R., J. M. English, O. B. Toon, S. Solomon, M. J. Mills, and J. P. Thayer, Implications of extinction due to meteoritic smoke in the upper stratosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2011GL049865, 2011.

Richter, J. H., K. Matthes, N. Calvo, and L. J. Gray, Influence of the quasi-biennial oscillation and El Niño-Southern Oscillation on the frequency of sudden stratospheric warmings, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D20111, doi:10.1029/2011JD015757, 2011.

Shu, J., W. Tian, J. Austin, M. P. Chipperfield, F. Xie, and W. Wang, Effects of sea surface temperature and greenhouse gas changes on the transport between the stratosphere and troposphere, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D02124, doi:10.1029/2010JD014520, 2011.

Scaife, A.A., T. Spangehl, D.R. Fereday, U. Cubasch, U. Langematz, H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, N. Butchart, M.P. Chipperfield, A. Gettelman, S.C. Hardiman, M. Michou, E. Rozanov, and T.G. Shepherd, Climate change projections and stratosphere-troposphere interaction, Clim Dynam, 448, doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1080-7, 2011.

Smith, A. K., Interactions between the lower, middle and upper atmosphere, Space Sci. Rev., 158, doi: 10.1007/s11214-011-9791, 2011.

Smith, A. K., R. R. Garcia, D. R. Marsh, and J. H. Richter, WACCM simulations of the mean circulation and trace species transport in the winter mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D20115, doi:10.1029/2011JD016083, 2011.

Wheeler, D. D., V. L. Harvey, D. E. Atkinson, R. L. Collins, and M. J. Mills, A Climatology of Cold Air Outbreaks over North America: WACCM and ERA-40 comparison and analysis, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2011JD015711, 2011.

Published in 2010

Alexander, M.J., M. Geller, C. McLandress, S. Polavarapu, P. Preusse, F. Sassi, K. Sato, S. Eckermann, M. Ern, A. Hertzog, Y. Kawatani, M. Pulido, T. A. Shaw, M. Sigmond, R. Vincent, S. Watanabe, Recent developments in gravity-wave effects in climate models and the global distribution of gravity-wave momentum flux from observations and models, Q. J. of the Royal Met. Soc., 136 (650), 1103-1124, doi:10.1002/qj.637, 2010.

Austin, J., J. Scinocca, D. Plummer, L. Oman, D. Waugh, H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, N. Butchart, M. P. Chipperfield, D. Cugnet, M. Dameris, S. Dhomse, V. Eyring, S. Frith, R. Garcia, H. Garny, A. Gettelman, S.C. Hardiman, D. Kinnison, J. F. Lamarque, E. Mancini, M. Marchand, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, T. Nakamura, S. Pawson, G. Pitari, J. Pyle, E. Rozanov, T. G. Shepherd, K. Shibata, H. Teyssedre, R.J. Wilson, and Y. Yamashita, The decline and recovery of total column ozone using mult-model time series analysis, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2010JD013857, 2010.

Austin, J., H. Struthers, J. Scinocca, D. A. Plummer, H. Akiyoshi, A. Baumgaertner, S. Bekki, G. Bodeker, P. Braesicke, C. Bruhl, N. Butchart, M. P. Chipperfield, D. Cugnet, M. Dameris, S. Dhomse, S. M. Frith, H. Garny, A. Gettelman, S.C. Hardiman, P. Jockel, D. Kinnison, A. Kubin, J. F. Lamarque, U. Langematz, E. Mancini, M. Marchand, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, T. Nakamura, J. E. Nielsen, G. Pitari, J. Pyle, E. Rozanov, T. G. Shepherd, K. Shibata, D. Smale, H. Teyssedre, and Y. Yamashita, Chemistry-climate model simulations of spring Antarctic ozone, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2009JD013577, 2010.

Bardeen, C. G., O. B. Toon, E. J. Jensen, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, S. Benze, D. R. Marsh, and A. Merkel, Numerical simulations of the three-dimensional distribution of polar mesospheric clouds and comparisons with Cloud Imaging and Particle Size (CIPS) experiment and the Solar Occultation For Ice Experiment (SOFIE) observations, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D10204, doi:10.1029/2009JD012451, 2010.

Butchart, N., I. Cionni, V. Eyring, T. G. Shepherd, D. W. Waugh, H. Akiyoshi, J. Austin, C. Bruhl, M. P. Chipperfield, E. Cordero, M. Dameris, R. Deckert, S. Dhomse, S. M. Frith, R. R. Garcia, A. Gettelman, M. A. Giorgetta, D. E. Kinnison, F. Li, E. Mancini, C. McLandress, S. Pawson, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, E. Rozanov, F. Sassi, J. F. Scinocca, K. Shibata, B. Steil, and W. Tian, Chemistry-climate model simulations of 21st century stratospheric climate and circulation changes, J. Climate, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3404.1, 2010.

Calvo, N., R.R. Garcia, W.J. Randel, and D.R. Marsh, Dynamical mechanism for the increase in tropical upwelling in the lowermost stratosphere during warm ENSO events, J. Atmos. Sci., 67 (7), 2331-2340, doi:10.1175/2010JAS3433.1, 2010.

Charlton-Perez, A. J., E. Hawkins, V. Eyring, I. Cionni, G. E. Bodeker, D. E. Kinnison, H. Akiyoshi, S. M. Frith, R. Garcia, A. Gettelman, J. F. Lamarque, T. Nakamura, S. Pawson, Y. Yamashita, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, M. P. Chipperfield, S. Dhomse, M. Marchand, E. Mancini, O. Morgenstern, G. Pitari, D. Plummer, J. A. Pyle, E. Rozanov, J. Scinocca, K. Shibata, T. G. Shepherd, W. Tian, and D. W. Waugh, Quantifying uncertainty in projections of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 9473-9486, doi:10.5194/acp-10-9473-2010, 2010.

Chipperfield, M., D. E. Kinnison (Lead Authors), S. Bekki, H. Bian, C. Bruehl, T. Canty, S. Dhomse, L. Froidevaux, R. Muller, M. Prather, R. Salawitch, M. Santee, and W. Tian, S. Tilmes, Chapter 6, SPARC Report on the Evaluation of Chemistry Climate Models, 2010.

Eyring, V., I. Cionni, G. E. Bodeker, A. J. Charlton-Perez, D. E. Kinnison, J. F. Scinocca, D. W. Waugh, H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, M. P. Chipperfield, M. Dameris, S. Dhomse, S. M. Frith, H. Garny, A. Gettelman, A. Kubin1, U. Langematz1, E. Mancini, M. Marchand, T. Nakamura, L. D. Oman, S. Pawson, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, E. Rozanov, T. G. Shepherd, K. Shibata, W. Tian, P. Braesicke1, S. C. Hardiman, J. F. Lamarque, O. Morgenstern, J. A. Pyle and Y. Yamashita, Multi-model assessment of ozone return dates and ozone recovery in CCMVal-2 models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 9451-9472, doi:10.5194/acp-10-9451-2010, 2010.

Eyring, V., I. Cionni, J. F. Lamarque, H. Akiyoshi, G. E. Bodeker, A. J. Charlton-Perez, S. M. Frith, A. Gettelman, D. E. Kinnison, T. Nakamura, L. D Oman, S. Pawson, and Y. Yamashita, Sensitivity of 21st century stratospheric ozone to greenhouse gas, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L16807, doi:10.1029/2010GL044443, 2010.

Garfinkel, C. I., and D. L. Hartmann (2010), Influence of the quasi-biennial oscillation on the North Pacific and El Niño teleconnections, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D20116, doi:10.1029/2010JD014181, 2010.

Garfinkel, C.I., D. L. Hartmann, and F. Sassi. Tropospheric precursors of anomalous Northern Hemisphere stratospheric polar vortices, J. Climate, 23 (12), 3282-3299, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3010.1 , 2010.

Gerber, E.P., M.P. Baldwin, H. Akiyoshi, J. Austin, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, N. Butchart, M. Chipperfield, M. Dameris, S. Dhomse, S.M. Frith, R.R. Garcia, H. Garny, A. Gettelman, S.C. Hardiman, M. Marchand, O. Morgenstern, J.E. Nielsen, S. Pawson, T. Peter, D.A. Plummer, J.A. Pyle, E. Rozanov, J.F. Scinocca, T.G. Shepherd, and D. Smale, Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling and Annular Mode Variability in Chemistry-Climate Models, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00M06, doi:10.1029/2009JD013770, 2010.

Gettelman, A., M. I. Hegglin, S.-W. Son, J. Kim, M. Fujiwara, T. Birner, S. Kremser, M. Rex, J. A. Anel, H. Akiyoshi, J. Austin, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, C. Bruhl, N. Butchart, M. Chipperfield, M. Dameris, S. Dhomse, H. Garny, S. C. Hardiman, P. Jockel, D. E. Kinnison, J. F. Lamarque, E. Mancini, M. Marchand, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, S. Pawson, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, J.A. Pyle, E. Rozanov, J. F. Scinocca, T. G. Shepherd, K. Shibata, D. Smale, H. Teyssedre, and W. Tian, Multi-model Assessment of the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere: Tropics and Trends, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00M08, doi:10.1029/2009JD013638, 2010.

Hegglin, M. I., A. Gettelman, P. Hoor, R. Krichevsky, G. L. Manney, L.L. Pan, S.-W. Son, G. Stiller, S. Tilmes, K. A. Walker, V. Eyring, T. G. Shepherd, D. Waugh, H. Akiyoshi, J. A. Anel, J. Austin, A. Baumgaertner, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, C. Bruhl, N. Butchart, M. P. Chipperfield, M. Dameris, S. Dhomse, S. M. Frith, H. Garny, S.C. Hardiman, P. Jockel, D. E. Kinnison, J. F. Lamarque, E. Mancini, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, T. Nakamura, D. Olivie, S. Pawson, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, J.A. Pyle, E. Rozanov, J.F. Scinocca, K. Shibata, D. Smale, H. Teyssedre, W. Tian, and Y. Yamashita, Multi-Model Assessment of the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere: Extra-tropics, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00M09, doi:10.1029/2010JD013884, 2010.

Liu, H.-L., B. Foster, M.E. Hagan, J. McInerney, A. Maute, L. Qian, A. D. Richmond, R.G. Roble, S.C. Solomon, R.R. Garcia, D. Kinnison, D.R. Marsh, A.K. Smith, J. Richter, F. Sassi, and J. Oberheide, Thermosphere extension of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2010JA015586, 2010.

Matthes, K., D. R. Marsh, R. R. Garcia, D. E. Kinnison, F. Sassi, S. Walters, Role of the QBO in modulating the influence of the 11 year solar cycle on the atmosphere using constant forcings, J. Geophys. Res., 115 (D18), D18110, doi:10.1029/2009JD013020, 2010.

Morgenstern, O., H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, N. Butchart, M. P. Chipperfield, D. Cugnet, M. Deushi, S. S. Dhomse, R.R. Garcia, A. Gettelman, N. P. Gillett, S. C. Hardiman, J. Jumelet, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, F. Lott, M. Marchand, M. Michou, T. Nakamura, D. Olivié, T. Peter, D. Plummer, J.A. Pyle, E. Rozanov, D. Saint-Martin, J. F. Scinocca, K. Shibata, M. Sigmond, D. Smale, H. Teyssèdre, W. Tian, A. Voldoire, Y. Yamashita, Anthropogenic forcing of the Northern Annular Mode in CCMVal-2 models, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00M03, doi:10.1029/2009JD013347, 2010.

Morgenstern, O., M. A. Giorgetta, K. Shibata, V. Eyring, D. W. Waugh, T. G. Shepherd, H. Akiyoshi, J. Austin, A. J. G. Baumgaertner, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, C. Bruehl, M. P. Chipperfield, D. Cugnet, M. Dameris, S. Dhomse, S. M. Frith, H. Garny, A. Gettelman, S. C. Hardiman, M. I. Hegglin, P. Joeckel, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, E. Mancini, E. Manzini, M. Marchand, M. Michou, T. Nakamura, J. E. Nielsen, D. Olivie, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, E. Rozanov, J. F. Scinocca, D. Smale, H. Teyssedre, M. Toohey, W. Tian, Y. Yamashita, Review of the formulation of present-generation stratospheric chemistry-climate models and associated external forcings, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00M02, doi:10.1029/2009JD013728, 2010.

Oman, L. D., D. A. Plummer, D. W. Waugh, J. Austin, J. F. Scinocca, A. R. Douglass, R. J. Salawitch, T. Canty, H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, N. Butchart, M. P. Chipperfield, D. Cugnet, S. Dhomse, V. Eyring, S. Frith, S.C. Hardiman, D.E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, E. Mancini, M. Marchand, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, T. Nakamura, J. E. Nielsen, D. Olivie, G. Pitari, J. Pyle, E. Rozanov, T. G. Shepherd, K. Shibata, R. S. Stolarski, H. Teyssedre, W. Tian, Y. Yamashita, and J. R. Ziemke, Multi-model assessment of the factors driving stratospheric ozone evolution over the 21st century, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2010JD014362, 2010.

Pierazzo, E., R.R. Garcia, D.E. Kinnison, D.R. Marsh, J. Lee-Taylor, and P.J. Crutzen, Ozone perturbation from medium-size asteroid impacts in the ocean, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.08.036, 2010.

Randel, W. J., M. Park, L. Emmons, D. Kinnison, P. Bernath, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, and H. Pumphrey, Asian Monsoon Transport of Pollution to the Stratosphere, Science, 328 (5978) 611-613, doi:10.1126/science.1182274, 2010.

Richter, J.H., F. Sassi and R.R. Garcia. Toward a physically based gravity wave source parameterization in a General Circulation Model., J. Atmos. Sci., 67 (1), 136-156, doi:10.1175/2009JAS3112.1, 2010.

Ross, M., M. Mills, and D. Toohey, Potential climate impact of black carbon emitted by rockets, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L24810, doi:10.1029/2010GL044548, 2010.

Salawitch, R. J., T. Canty, T. Kurosu, K. Chance, Q. Liang, A. da Silva, S. Pawson, J. E. Nielsen, J.M. Rodriguez, P.K. Bhartia, X. Liu, L.G. Huey, J. Liao, R. Stickel, D. J. Tanner, J.E. Dibb, W.R. Simpson, D. Donohoue, A.J. Weinheimer, F. M. Flocke, D.J. Knapp, D. Montzka, J.A. Neuman, J.B. Nowak, T.B. Ryerson, S. Oltmans, D.R. Blake, E. L. Atlas, D. E. Kinnison, S. Tilmes, L.L. Pan, F. Hendrick, M. Van Roozendael, K. Kreher, P.V. Johnston, R. S. Gao, B. Johnson, T.P. Bui, G. Chen, R. B. Pierce, J. H. Crawford, and D. J. Jacob A New Interpretation of Total Column BrO during Arctic Spring Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2010GL043798, 2010.

Sassi, F., R.R. Garcia, D.R. Marsh and K.W. Hoppel, The role of the middle atmosphere in simulations of the troposphere during Northern Hemisphere Winter: Differences between high- and low-top models. J. Atmos. Sci., 67 (9), 3048-3064, doi:10.1175/2010JAS3255.1, 2010.

Smith, A. K., R. R. Garcia, D. R. Marsh, D. E. Kinnison, and J. H. Richter, Simulations of the response of mesospheric circulation and temperature to the Antarctic ozone hole, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2010GL045255, 2010.

Son, S.-W., Gerber, E. P., Perlwitz, J., Polvani, L. M., Gillett, N. P., Seo, K.-H., Eyring, V., Shepherd, T. G., Waugh, D., Akiyoshi, H., Austin, J., Baumgaertner, A., Bekki, S., Braesicke, P., Brü,hl, C., Butchart, N., Chipperfield, M. P., Cugnet, D., Dameris, M., Dhomse, S., Frith, S., Garny, H., Garcia, R., Hardiman, S. C., Jö,ckel, P., Lamarque, J. F., Mancini, E., Marchand, M., Michou, M., Nakamura, T., Morgenstern, O., Pitari, G., Plummer, D. A., Pyle, J., Rozanov, E., Scinocca, J. F., Shibata, K., Smale, D., Teyssè,dre, H., Tian, W., Yamashita, Y., Impact of stratospheric ozone on Southern Hemisphere circulation change: A multimodel assessment J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00M07, doi:10.1029/2010JD014271, 2010.

Taguchi, M., Wave driving in the tropical lower stratosphere as simulated by WACCM. Part II: ENSO-induced changes for northern winter, J. Atmos Sci, 67 (2), 543-555, doi:10.1175/2009JAS3144.1, 2010.

Published in 2009

Calvo, N. and R.R. Garcia. Wave Forcing of the Tropical Upwelling in the Lower Stratosphere under Increasing Concentrations of Greenhouse Gases. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 3184, doi:10.1175/2009JAS3085.1, 2009.

Gettelman, A., T. Birner, V. Eyring, H. Akiyoshi, D. A. Plummer, M. Dameris, S. Bekki, F. Lefevre, F. Lott, C. Bruhl, K. Shibata, E. G. Pitari, H. Struthers, W. Tian, and D. E. Kinnison, The Tropical Tropopause Layer 1960-2100, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 1621-1637, 2009.

Jackman, C. H., D. R. Marsh, F. M. Vitt, R. R. Garcia, C. E. Randall, E. L. Fleming, and S. M. Frith, Long-term middle atmospheric influence of very large solar proton events, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D11304, doi:10.1029/2008JD011415, 2009.

Kurylo, M.J., B-M. Sinnhuber, N.R.P. Harris, M. von Hobe, P.A. Newman, D.W. Fahey, R.Gao, R.J. Salawitch, M.P. Chipperfield, J.G. Anderson, M.L. Santee, T.P. Cantu, R. Müller, R. Schofield, R.M. Stimpfle, F. Stroh, D.W. Toohey, J. Urban, S.R. Kawa, D.J. Hofmann, K.W. Hoppel, M. Rex, K.D. Bayes, D.A. Dixon, K.W. Jucks, S.P. Sander, J.U. Grooss, and D.E. Kinnison, The Role of Halogen Chemistry in Polar Stratospheric Ozone Depletion, Report from the June 2008 Cambridge UK Workshop for an Initiative under the Stratospheric Processes and Their Role in Climate (SPARC) Project of the World Climate Research Programme, February, 2009. PDF

Meehl, G.A., J.M. Arblaster, K. Matthes, F. Sassi anf H. van Loon. Amplifying the Pacific climate system response to a small 11-year solar cycle forcing. Science, doi:10.1126/science.1172872, 2009.

Merkel, A.W., D.R Marsh, A. Gettelman, E.J. Jensen, On the relationship of polar mesospheric cloud ice water content, particle radius and mesospheric temperature and its use in multi-dimensional models. Atmos. Chem. Phys, 9, 8889, 2009.

Son, S-W., L.M. Polvani, D.W. Waugh, T. Birner, H. Akiyoshi, R.R. Garcia, A. Gettelman, D.A. Plummer, E. Rozanov The Impact of Stratospheric Ozone Recovery on Tropopause Height Trends. J. Climate, 22 (2), 429-445, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2215.1, 2009.

Taguchi, M., Wave driving in the tropical lower stratosphere as simulated by WACCM. Part I: Annual cycle, J. Atmos Sci, 66 (7), 2029-2043, doi:10.1175/2009JAS2854.1, 2009.

Tilmes, S., R.R. Garcia, D.E. Kinnison, A. Gettelman, and P.J. Rasch, Impact of geoengineered aerosols on the troposphere and stratosphere., J. Geophys. Res., 114, D12305, doi:10.1029/2008JD011420, 2009.

Tourpali, K., A. F. Bais, A. Kazantzidis, C. S. Zerefos, H. Akiyoshi, J. Austin, C. Brühl, N. Butchart, M. P. Chipperfield, M. Dameris, M. Deushi, V. Eyring, M. A. Giorgetta, D. E. Kinnison, E. Mancini, D. R. Marsh, T. Nagashima, G. Pitari1, D. A. Plummer, E. Rozanov, K. Shibata, and W. Tian, Clear Sky UV simulations in the 21st century based on Ozoneand Temperature Projections from Chemistry-Climate Models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 1165-1172, 2009.

Tsutsui J., K. Nishizawa, and F. Sassi. Response of the middle atmosphere to the 11-year solar cycle simulated with the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model. J. of Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2008JD010316, 2009.

Published in 2008

Austin, J. et al., Coupled chemistry climate model simulations of the solar cycle in ozone and temperature, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D11306, doi:10.1029/2007JD009391, 2008.

Bardeen, C., O.B. Toon, E.J. Jensen, D.R. Marsh, V.L. Harvey, Numerical simulations of the three-dimensional distribution of meteoric dust in the mesosphere and upper stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res, 113 (D17), D17202, doi:10.1029/2007JD009515, 2008.

Chang, L., S. Palo, M. Hagan, J. Richter, R. Garcia, D. Riggin, D. Fritts, Structure of the migrating diurnal tide in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM), Adv. Space Res., 41 (9) 1397-1406, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2007.03.035, 2008.

Garcia, R.R. and W.J. Randel, Acceleration of the Brewer-Dobson circulation due to increases in greenhouse gases, J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 2731-2739, doi:10.1175/2008JAS2712.1, 2008.

Garfinkel, C.I., and D.L. Hartmann, Different ENSO Teleconnections and Their Effects on the Stratospheric Polar Vortex , J. Geophys. Res. Atmos , 113, D18114, doi:10.1029/2008JD009920, 2008.

Jackman, C. H. , D.R. Marsh, F.M. Vitt, R.R. Garcia, E. L. Fleming, G.J. Labow, C.E. Randall, M. López-Puertas, B. Funke, T. von Clarmann,  and G. P. Stiller, Short- and medium-term atmospheric constituent effects of very large solar proton events, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 765-785, 2008.

Lamarque, J.-F., D.E. Kinnison, P.G. Hess, J.J. Orlando, and F. Vitt, Simulated lower stratospheric trends between 1970 and 2005: Identifying the role of climate and chemistry changes, J. Geophys. Res., 113, 12301, doi:10.1029/2007JD009277, 2008.

Liu, H.-L., F. Sassi, and R.R. Garcia,  Error growth in a whole atmosphere climate model,  J. Atmos. Sci.,, 66 (1), 173-186, doi:10.1175/2008JAS2825.1, 2008.

Mills, M. J., O. B. Toon, R. Turco, D. E. Kinnison, and R. R. Garcia, Catastrophic ozone loss following a regional nuclear conflict, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 105, 5307-5312, doi:10.1073/pnas.0710058105, 2008.

Randel, W.J., R.R. Garcia and F. Wu, Dynamical balances and tropical stratospheric upwelling, J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 3584 doi:10.1175/2008JAS2756.1, 2008.

Richter, J., F. Sassi, R.R. Garcia, K. Matthes, and C.A. Fischer, Dynamics of the middle atmosphere as simulated by the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, version 3 (WACCM3), J. Geophys. Res.133, D08101, doi:10.1029/2007JD009269, 2008.

Son, S.-W.,  L. M. Polvani, D. W. Waugh, H. Akiyoshi, R. Garcia, D. Kinnison, S. Pawson, E. Rozanov, T. G. Shepherd,  and K. Shibata,  The impact of stratospheric ozone recovery on the Southern Hemisphere westerly jet,  Science, 320, 1486-1489, doi:10.1126/science.1155939, 2008.

Taguchi, M., Interannual variations of the stratosphere and troposphere during northern winter as simulated by WACCM, J. Climate 21 (10), 2326-2331, doi:10.1016/10.1175/2007JCLI1744.1, 2008.

Yuan, T., C.-Y. She, D.A. Krueger, F. Sassi, R.R. Garcia, R.G. Roble, H. Liu, and H. Schmidt, Climatology of mesopause region temperature, zonal wind, and meridional wind over Fort Collins, Colorado (41°N, 105°W), and comparison with model simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D03105, doi:10.1029/2007JD008697, 2008.

Published in 2007

Charlton, A.J., L. Polvani, J. Perlwitz, F. Sassi, E. Manzini, K. Shibata, S. Pawson, J.E. Nielsen, and D. Rind, A new look at stratospheric sudden warmings.  Part II: Evaluation of numerical model simulations, J. Climate , 20, 470-488, 2007.

Eyring, V., et al., Multi-model projections of stratospheric ozone in the 21st century,  J. Geophys. Res. , 112, D16303, doi:10.1029/2006JD008332, 2007.

Garcia, R.R., D.R. Marsh, D.E. Kinnison, B.A. Boville, and F. Sassi, Simulation of secular trends in the middle atmosphere, 1950-2003, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D09301, doi:10.1029/2006JD007485, 2007.

Gettelman, A. and T. Birner, Insights on tropical tropopause layer processes using global models,  J. Geophys. Res., 112, D23104, doi:10.1029/2007JD008945, 2007.

Gettelman, A., and D. E. Kinnison, The global impact of supersaturation in a coupled chemistry-climate model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 1629-1643, 2007.

Kinnison, D.E., et al., Sensitivity of chemical tracers to meteorological parameters in the MOZART-3 chemical transport model, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D20302, doi:10.1029/2006JD007879, 2007.

Marsh, D.R. and R.R. Garcia, Attribution of decadal variability in lower-stratospheric tropical ozone, Geophys. Res. Lett, 34, L21807, doi:10.1029/2007GL030935, 2007.

Marsh, D.R., R.R. Garcia, D.E. Kinnison, B.A. Boville, F. Sassi, and S.C. Solomon, Modeling the whole atmosphere response to solar cycle changes in radiative and geomagnetic forcing,  J. Geophys. Res., 112, D23306, doi:10.1029/2006JD008306, 2007.

Pan, L. L. , J. C. Wei, D. E. Kinnison, R. R. Garcia, D. J. Wuebbles, and G. P. Brasseur, A set of diagnostics for evaluating chemistry-climate models in the extratropical tropopause region, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D09316, doi:10.1029/2006JD007792, 2007.

Rohrer, F., D. Ehhalt,  D. Blake, D. Kinnison, P. Konopka, On the Use of NMHC form the Determination of Age Spectra in the Lower Stratosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D12208, doi:10.1029/2006JD007686, 2007.

Song, I.-S., H.-Y. Chun, R.R. Garcia and B.A. Boville, Momentum flux spectrum of convectively forced internal gravity waves and its application to gravity wave drag parameterization. Part II: Impacts in a GCM (WACCM), J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 2286-2308, doi:10.1175/JAS3954.1, 2007.

Tilmes, S., D.E. Kinnison, R.R. Garcia, R. Müller, F. Sassi, D.R. Marsh, and B.A. Boville,  Evaluation of heterogeneous processes in the polar lower stratosphere in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D24301, doi:10.1029/2006JD008334, 2007.

Published in 2006

Butchart, N. et al., Simulations of anthropogenic change in the strength of the Brewer-Dobson circulation, Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0162-4, 2006.

Eyring, V., et al., Assessment of coupled climate-chemistry models: Evaluation of dynamics, transport characteristics, and ozone, J. Geophys. Res., , 111, D22308, doi:10.1029/2006JD007327, 2006.

Garcia, R. R., Herrera, R., N. Calvo Fernandez, R.R. Garcia, and M. Giorgetta, Propagation of ENSO temperature signals into the middle atmosphere: A comparison of two General Circulation Models and ERA-40 reanalysis data, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D06101, doi:10.1029/2005JD006061, 2006.

Richter, J. and R.R. Garcia, On the forcing of the mesospheric semi-annual oscillation in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L01806, doi:10.1029/2005GL024378, 2006.

Taguchi, M. and D. Hartmann, Increased occurrence of stratospheric sudden warmings during El Niño simulated by WACCM, J. Climate, 19, 324-332, doi:10.1175/JCLI3655.1, 2006.

Published in 2005

Beres, J.H., R.R. Garcia, B.A. Boville and F. Sassi, Implementation of a gravity wave source spectrum parameterization dependent on the properties of convection in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM). J. Geophys. Res., 110, D10108, doi:10.1029/2004JD005504, 2005.

Offermann, D., M. Jarisch, M. Donner, J. Oberheide, I. Wohltmann, R. Garcia, D. Marsh, B. Naujokat, P. Winkler, Middle atmosphere summer duration as an indicator of long-term circulation changes, Adv. Space Res. 35 (8), 1416-1422, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2005.02.065, 2005.

Sassi, F., B.A. Boville, D. Kinnison, and R.R. Garcia, The effects of interactive ozone chemistry on simulations of the middle atmosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L07811, doi:10.1029/2004GL022131, 2005.

Solomon, S.C. and L. Qian, Solar extreme-ultraviolet irradiance for general circulation models, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A10306, doi:10.1029/2005JA011160, 2005.

Published in 2004

Cionni, I., G. Visconti, and F. Sassi, Fluctuation-dissipation theorem in a General Circulation Model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, doi:10.1029/2004GL019739, 2004.

Gettelman, A., D. E. Kinnison, T. J. Dunkerton, and G. P. Brasseur, The impact of monsoon circulations on the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, J. Geophys., Res., 109, D22101, doi:10.1029/2004JD004878, 2004.

Nevison, C.D., D.E. Kinnison, and R.F. Weiss, Stratospheric influences on the tropospheric seasonal cycles of nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbons, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L20103, doi:10.1029/2004GL020398, 2004.

Park, M., W.J. Randel, D.E. Kinnison, R.R. Garcia, W. Choi, Seasonal variations of methane, water vapor and nitrogen oxides near the tropopause:Satellite observations and model simulations, J. Geophys. Res.,109 (D3),D03302, doi:10.1029/2003JD003706, 2004.

Sassi, F., D. Kinnison, B.A. Boville, R.R. Garcia, and R. Roble, The Effect of ENSO on the dynamical, thermal and chemical structure of the middle atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D17108, doi:10.1029/2003JD004434, 2004.

Published in 2003

Forkman, P., P. Eriksson, A. Winnberg, R.R. Garcia, and D. Kinnison, Longest continuous ground-based measurements of CO. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (10), 10.1029/2003GL016931, 2003.

Horinouchi, T., S. Pawson, K. Shibate, U. Langematz, E. manzini, F. Sassi, R.J. Wilson, K.P. Hamilton, J. de Granpre, and A.A. Scaife, Tropical cumulus convection and upward propagating waves in middle atmosphere GCMs, J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 2765-2782, 2003.

Published in 2002

Sassi, F.S., R.R. Garcia, B.A. Boville, and H. Liu, On temperature inversions and the mesospheric surf zone, J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D19), 4380, doi: 10.1029/2001JD001525, 2002.

CESM Project

The Community Earth System Model (CESM) is a fully-coupled, global climate model that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states.

CESM is sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Administration of the CESM is maintained by the Climate and Global Dynamics Division (CGD) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

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