Acronym List

 

 

ACC

Antarctic Circumpolar Current

ACD

Atmospheric Chemistry Division (NCAR)

ACSYS

Arctic Climate System Study

AGCM

atmospheric general circulation models

AMIP

Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project

AMWG

Atmosphere Model Working Group

AR4 Fourth Assessment Report

ARM

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program (DOE)

ASP

Advanced Study Program (NCAR)

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

BATS

Biosphere-Atmosphere-Transfer Scheme

BGCWG

Biogeochemistry Working Group

C4MIP

Coupled Carbon Cycle Climate Project

CAB

CCSM Advisory Board

CAM

Community Atmosphere Model

CASA

Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach

CCA

Common Component Architecture (DOE)

CCM

Community Climate Model

CCN

Cloud Condensation Nuclei

CCPP

Climate Change Prediction Program

CCSP

Climate Change Science Program (NOAA)

CCSM

Community Climate System Model

CCWG

Climate Change Working Group

CEDAR

Coupling Energetics and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions program

CFCs

chlorofluorocarbons

CGD

Climate and Global Dynamics Division (NCAR)

CHAMMP

Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics Program (DOE)

CICE

sea-ice model developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory

CLIMAP

Climatatic Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction project

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Predictability Program

CLM

Community Land Model

CMAP

Climate Modeling, Analysis and Prediction Program (NSF)

CMIP

Coupled Model Intercomparison Project

CMS

Climate Modeling Section

CO2

carbon dioxide

CPL

coupler (component of CCSM)

CRB

Change Review Board

CRIEPI

Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Japan

CRREL

Dept. of Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory

CSEG

CCSM Software Engineering Group

CSENT

climate of the 17th-18th-19th-20th centuries

CSIM

Community Sea Ice Model

CSL

Climate Simulation Laboratory (NCAR)

CSM

Climate System Model

CVS

Concurrent Version System

CVWG

Climate Variability Working Group

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

ECMWF

European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts

EDAS

Ecosystem Dynamics and the Atmosphere Section

ENSO

El Niño–Southern Oscillation

EOFs

empirical orthogonal functions

ERBE

Earth Radiation Budget Experiment

ES Earth Simulator
ESG Earth System Grid

ESMF

Earth System Modeling Framework (NASA)

EVP

Elastic-Viscous-Plastic ice dynamics model

FDM

full-depth model

FIRE-ACE

First ISCCP (International Satellite Cloud Climatology Program) Regional Experiment-Arctic Cloud Experiment

GAIM

Global Analysis Interpretation and Modeling Ocean Carbon Model Intercomparison

GCM

general circulation model

GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GISST

Global Sea Ice and Sea Surface Temperature

G-M

Gent-McWilliams parameterization scheme

GOGA

Global Ocean Global Atmosphere (ensembles)

GtC

gigatons of carbon

GUI Graphical User Interface
HadISST Hadley Centre Sea Ice and Sea Surface Temperature dataset

HIRDLS

high-resolution dynamics limb sounder

HPCC

High Performance Computing and Communications program (NSF)

IGBP

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRI International Research Institute

ISCCP

International Satellite Cloud Climatology Program

ITCZ

Intertropical Convergence Zone

K_A

eddy advection term diffusivity coefficient

K_GM

Gent and McWilliams diffusivity coefficient

K_R

Redi term diffusivity coefficient

KPP

K Profile Parameterization

LANL

Los Alamos National Laboratory (DOE)

LBNL

Lawrence Berkeley National Labortory (DOE)

LGM Last Glacial Maximum

LLNL

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (DOE)

LMWG

Land Model Working Group

LSM

Land Surface Model

LTE

local thermodynamic equilibrium

MACCM3

middle atmosphere version of CCM3

MATCH Model for Atmospheric Transport and Chemistry
MCT model coupling toolkit

MJO

Madden-Julian Oscillation

MOC Meridional Overturning Circulation

MOZART

Model of Ozone and Related Trace Species

MPDATA

Multi-dimensional Positive Definite Advection Transport Algorithm

MPI message passing interface

NAO

North Atlantic Oscillation

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCEP

National Centers for Environmental Prediction

NCOM

NCAR CSM Ocean Model

NERSC National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NSF

National Science Foundation

OCMIP

Ocean Carbon Model Intercomparison Project

ODA Ocean Data Assimilation

OMWG

Ocean Model Working Group

ORNL

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

OS

Oceanography Section

PARCS

Paleoenvironmental Arctic Sciences

PBL

planetary boundary layer

PCM Parallel Climate Model

PDO

Pacific Decadal Oscillation

PFT

plant function type

PCM

Parallel Climate Model

PCMDI

Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison

PCTM

Parallel Climate Transition Model

PCWG

Polar Climate Working Group

PMIP

Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project

POLES

Polar Exchange at the Sea Surface (component of NASA's Earth Observing System)

POP

Parallel Ocean Program

ppm

parts per million

ppmv

parts per million by volume

QBO

Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

SCD

Scientific Computing Division (NCAR)

SciDAC

Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (DOE)

SCM

Single Column Model

SEWG

Software Engineering Working Group

SGER Small Grants for Exploratory Research

SHEBA

Surface Heat Exchange Budget for the Arctic

SIMIP2

Sea Ice Model Intercomparison Project 2

SLP

sea level pressure

SRES Special Report on Emissions Scenarios

SSC

Scientific Steering Committee

SSTA

sea surface temperature anomaly

SSTs

sea surface temperatures

TAGA

Tropical Atlantic Ocean Global Atmosphere (ensembles)

TIME

thermosphere-ionosphere-mesosphere-electrodynamics

TIMED

thermosphere-ionosphere-mesosphere-energetics-dynamics

TOGA

Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (ensembles)

UARS

Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite

UCAR

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

UOM

upper-ocean model

USGCRP

U.S. Global Change Research Program

USGS

U.S. Geological Survey

VP

Viscous-Plastic

VOC

volatile organic compounds

WACCM

Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model

WCRP

World Climate Research Programme

WGCM Working Group on Coupled Modelling

WGNE

Working Group on Numerical Experimentation