CCSM2.0.1 Coupler v5.0.1 Documentation
The CCSM coupler, version 5.0.1 (cpl5), was released in October 2002 as part of the CCSM2.0.1 release.
- User Documents: Combined User's Guide, Source Code Reference, and Scientific Description [html] [pdf]
What is a "coupler"?
CCSM coupled model is based on a framework which divides the complete climate system into component models connected by a coupler. This design requires four component models -- atmosphere, land, ocean, and sea-ice -- each connected to the coupler, and each exchanging data with the coupler only. From a software engineering point of view, the CCSM is not a particular climate model, but a framework for building and testing various climate models for various applications. In this sense, more than any particular component model, the coupler defines the high-level design of CCSM software.
The coupler code has several key functions within the CCSM framework:
- It allows the CCSM to be broken down into separate components, atmosphere, sea-ice, land, and ocean, that are "plugged into" the coupler. Each component model is a separate code that is free to choose it's own spatial resolution and time step. Individual components can be created, modified, or replaced without necessitating code changes in other components. CCSM components run as separate executables, communicate via message passing (MPI in particular), and can be distributed among several computers.
- It controls the execution and time evolution of the complete CCSM by synchronizing and controlling the flow of data between the various components.
- It communicates interfacial fluxes between the various component models while ensuring the conservation of fluxed quantities. For certain flux fields, it also computes interfacial fluxes between the various component models (based on state variables).
The Community Earth System Model (CESM) is a fully-coupled, global climate model that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states.
CESM is sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Administration of the CESM is maintained by the Climate and Global Dynamics Division (CGD) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).